Water is a valuable resource that we share with the communities where we operate. Marathon Oil’s water use is guided by water stewardship practices such as responsible sourcing, conservation, reuse, recycling and disposal.
Tracking the source and amount of water consumed in our operations is required by our Environmental Management Standard and the Regulatory Compliance element of our Responsible Operations Management System (ROMS). We have a corporate advisor for sustainable water management in our U.S. unconventional resource plays, with water management supervisors in specific assets. The advisor has leadership accountability for water management.
Across our U.S. resource plays, we leverage lessons learned, employ best practices, and participate in industry efforts to be good stewards of water resources and improve water management. We continuously seek cost-effective ways to reduce the impact of our operations on water resources. These include identifying sustainable water sources, and developing storage, treatment and infrastructure alternatives for water disposal. In addition, our Global Supply Chain team restructured to better support cost-effective water management.
Water consumption in our U.S. resource plays was 70 million barrels in 2017, up from 29 million barrels in 2016. The increase was related to completing or recompleting approximately 60 percent more wells in 2017 than 2016, using more extended laterals, modifying our completion design and entering the Permian Basin.
Marathon Oil assets are responsible for developing customized strategies and plans to minimize the impact of our operations on local water resources, and preserve freshwater for drinking and other community needs. Asset plans are based on local and regional sourcing options, capacity limitations, operational needs, and disposal and infrastructure alternatives.
Our freshwater use in the South Texas Eagle Ford depends on the water quality available for specific lease areas, completion design, landowner requirements and other factors. Our water management strategy includes using brackish water that would not meet U.S. drinking water standards, as well as produced water instead of freshwater whenever possible. In 2017, Eagle Ford sourced approximately 92 percent of its water from nonfresh sources, comparable to 2016. We have a permanent recycling system that produces clean brine for workover and production operations in the Kenedy and Pleasanton areas of Eagle Ford.
In the Permian Basin, where the industry faces challenges with sourcing water for hydraulic fracturing and disposing of produced water, Marathon Oil built a 300,000-barrel facility to treat and recycle produced water for fracturing in our Malaga acreage. We also treated and reused production water in stimulation jobs, and worked to make produced water an economic supply source during droughts.
Our Oklahoma strategy focuses on identifying sustainable water sources and managing constraints on produced water disposal and hauling. A study of brackish groundwater in our high-activity areas revealed the water quality was too poor for our use, so we continue to investigate the potential to reuse produced water in these areas. Marathon Oil seeks to dispose of water using pipelines instead of trucks whenever possible to reduce emissions and safety hazards, but widespread collection of produced water is challenging and not always feasible on our acreage.
Marathon Oil will continue to develop strategies to manage water sourcing, recycling, treatment, storage and disposal infrastructure throughout our assets.
Featured This Year
Marathon Oil uses well-established business processes to evaluate climate change risk in our investment decisions, and engages with external stakeholders to understand their perspectives.
Marathon Oil and our workforce were deeply affected by the record-shattering storm. But we cared for each other, our neighbors and communities, while continuing critical business functions and safeguarding our South Texas Eagle Ford asset.
Digital Oilfield Capabilities
We’re expanding digital oilfield capabilities throughout our U.S. unconventional resource plays. They’re allowing us to automate field operations, transmit and manage large amounts of data, perform site and equipment surveillance remotely, and analyze and optimize operations.
Since 2002, Marathon Oil has been the operator of a world-class integrated gas business in Equatorial Guinea. We’re striving to bring progress, opportunities and national capacity to the community and host nation, while building long-term shareholder value.